Photo: GeorgeBoyhan Known as specialty melons in their many variations, cantaloupes include (from left): (front) Christmas melon, Western Shipping, Honeydew; (back) Casaba, Juan Canary. Most of us are familiar with the standard cantaloupe in the supermarket. But a host of different melons are actually cantaloupes with a variety of colors both for the flesh and the rind.Cantaloupes have uniform netting and slip from the vine when fully ripe. The netting is important. It allows these melons to be shipped across the country without damage. That’s why they’re often called Western-shipping melons.The name muskmelon, which is just another term for cantaloupe, refers to the musky odor of cantaloupes.Many people reserve this term for large melons that often have deep sutures, or indented lines, and very little if any netting. These melons are often called Eastern or Eastern shipping melons.’Mush Melon’ Not Entirely WrongSome even use the term “mush melon.” This is just a mistaken pronunciation of muskmelon. It is somewhat descriptive, though, since these melons tend to soften quickly when ripe. And without rind netting, they’re more susceptible to injury.Another common type of cantaloupe is the honeydew melon, which has a green or cream-colored, smooth rind and flesh of a similar color. These melons don’t slip from the vine at maturity. Consequently, it’s harder to tell when they’re mature.Colorful NamesThe more obviously different cantaloupe cousins are referred to as specialty melons. Often found in the supermarket in late summer or early fall, they have names such as Casaba, Crenshaw, Christmas melon and Juan Canary.Colors for the rind range from bright yellow to green and yellow stripes. The flesh ranges from bright orange to salmon to green.Some of these melons are found only in seed catalogs, so you’ll have to grow them yourself to experience them.Hard-to-find MelonsOne such melon is the French Charentais. These melons have a gray or gray-blue, sutured rind with orange flesh. They can be quite tasty, but don’t keep long after they’ve been picked.Some cantaloupes have been developed for greenhouse production. An example is the Galia melon, which has a netted rind like a typical cantaloupe but with green flesh like a honeydew.With specialty melons, whether you grow them yourself or buy them in the store, you’re in for a treat of new flavors and, in many cases, higher sugar content than the standard cantaloupe or honeydew. Many have a much longer shelf life, too, so you have longer to enjoy them.
Walter Reeves When “Gardening in Georgia” host Walter Reeves showed how to change the color of hydrangea flowers a few weeks ago, you may have thought that was all there was. You were wrong. On this week’s show July 4 and 7, Reeves has more about these prolific bloomers.”Gardening in Georgia” airs on Wednesdays at 7:30 p.m. and is rebroadcast on Saturdays at 12:30 p.m. on Georgia Public Television. The show is produced specifically for Georgia gardeners by the University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences and GPTV. To learn more, visit the show’s Web site.This week, Reeves shows off some hydrangeas with flower forms unlike the familiar mophead, including “Teller Red,” “Preziosa” and “Cardinal Red.”A Georgia NativeGuest Parker Andes of Callaway Gardens points out the oakleaf hydrangea. A Georgia native, it uses little water and grows in either sun or shade. The big flowers are infertile but attract pollinators to the fertile flowers growing below them.Reeves also reveals how easy it is to propagate a hydrangea in summer. He bends a limb to the earth and wounds a small section, then dusts the wound with a rooting hormone and buries the branch in the soil. A brick holds it in place. Three months later, the limb will have rooted in place.Cobb County Extension Agent Nina Eckberg explains why you should use mulch: fewer weeds, consistent soil temperatures and retention of soil moisture. She shows mulches that gardeners can use and how to apply them: 2 to 4 inches deep, but not against the trunk or bark.A Flower TowerHelen Phillips of Callaway Gardens shows how she recycled a piece of 8-inch PVC pipe to create a flower tower. She drilled 2-inch holes in the side and anchored it in a pan of concrete. Then she hung a short soaker hose in the middle as soil is added to fill the pipe. Plants such as nasturtium and petunia can be planted in the holes.CAES horticulturist Jim Midcap describes the Trident maple (Acer buergeranum), a 1998 Georgia Gold Medal Winner.And finally, CAES entomologist Beverly Sparks describes the life cycle and control of the armored scale. That armored covering is hard for predators, adverse weather and even pesticides to penetrate. UGA CAES File Photo
By Brad HaireUniversity of GeorgiaGeorgia’s tobacco crop looks fair overall. But plant disease problems and heavy rains in June have hurt some of the fields of Georgia’s remaining tobacco farmers, says a University of Georgia specialist.About 15 percent of Georgia’s tobacco crop has been infected by the tomato spotted wilt virus, a deadly disease carried by small insects called thrips, said J. Michael Moore, a tobacco agronomist with the UGA Extension Service.But in some fields, as much as 50 percent to 80 percent of the plants have been hit by this disease.About 30 percent of the crop last year was infected with this disease. It contributed to a 15-percent decline in yields.For the first time since 2000, tobacco mosaic virus has been widespread in Georgia’s crop, too, Moore said. Some fields have as much as 30 percent of plants showing symptoms. The disease is believed to have come from infected seed.TMV can be found in tobacco products — cigarettes, snuff, chewing tobacco — and transmitted to plants in fields after handling these products. It’s easily spread from plant to plant by tractors and humans. “One plant could potentially infect millions,” he said. It is not as bad as TSWV. But it can reduce yields and quality.”But the heavy rain has caused more losses than the diseases,” Moore said.Parts of south-central Georgia, where much of the state’s tobacco is grown, have received 8 inches to 10 inches of rain since June 1, according to the Georgia Automated Environmental Monitoring Network.That has been too much rain for tobacco root systems, which need oxygen to survive. The roots suffocate, preventing water and nutrients from reaching the tops, which begin to wilt.The flooded root systems will recover and begin to grow again, Moore said. But this will cut into yields this year.Georgia had about 1,000 tobacco farmers in 2004. About half that many planted tobacco this year, he said. There may be even fewer next year.Most Georgia farmers contract directly with tobacco companies now. Contract prices this year, Moore said, are $1.19 per pound to a $1.45 per pound.The costs for electricity, fuel, fertilizers and crop chemicals, all needed for tobacco production, have gone up as much 20 percent over last year when many of the contracts were made.It will be tough for some farmers to break even this year with the current contract prices. Moore expects 10 percent to 15 percent fewer farmers will plant tobacco next year.But there is still a lot of interest in growing tobacco in Georgia. A few farmers in southeast Georgia grew it for the first time this year. And the Georgia Tobacco Tour, sponsored by the UGA Extension Service, drew 80 participants June 6-8.The federal government ended the Depression-era tobacco quota program last fall. Under that program, only a certain amount of tobacco could be grown each year in the United States. It helped farmers get consistent prices and guaranteed tobacco companies a supply.Through a buyout, tobacco companies will begin this month to pay $10.14 billion in compensation to U.S. farmers over the next 10 years for the end of the program.No official numbers have been released, but Georgia farmers are believed to have planted 19,000 acres of tobacco this year.
By Faith PeppersUniversity of GeorgiaAfter a yearlong national search, Dean J. Scott Angle announced Monday, Oct. 29 that Robert Shulstad will be the new associate dean for research for the University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences.Shulstad has served as interim associate dean for research for the past 18 months following the resignation of Jerry Cherry in 2006. He has been on the CAES faculty for 20 years as head of the agricultural and applied economics department, director of the office of environmental sciences and assistant dean for research.Before coming to Georgia, Shulstad was a researcher and teacher at the University of Arkansas, specializing in issues at the interface of production agriculture and the environment. He also served as the head of the agricultural economics and rural sociology department.“During his interim appointment, Dr. Shulstad led our research program to unparalleled success,” Angle said in his announcement. “Despite budget reductions during the early part of this decade leading to declining faculty numbers, over the past two years, research productivity has come roaring back to the point where CAES led all colleges in research funding, one of the most important parameters used to evaluate colleges. I look forward to even greater success under Dr. Shulstad’s permanent leadership of our research program.”Shulstad holds bachelor’s and master’s degrees in agricultural economics from the University of Wisconsin and a doctorate of agricultural and natural resource economics from Oregon State University. He and his wife Carol live in Greene County and have two sons and six grandchildren.“I am both humbled and proud to be selected as a permanent member of the CAES leadership team,” Shulstad said. “The faculty and staff of the College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences have demonstrated their dedication and professional excellence in making the college among the very best in the nation.” Besides the associate dean’s responsibilities, Shulstad will also be associate director of Georgia’s agricultural experiment stations. The college has agricultural and environmental research programs at UGA’s campuses in Athens, Griffin and Tifton and at seven research-and-education centers across the state.Georgia agricultural experiment stations are home to some of the world’s leading experts in food safety and technology, plant and animal genetics and breeding, agricultural technology, water use efficiency, water quality improvement, biofuels production, land use planning, marketing and agricultural policy.Researchers at AES facilities focus on making the U.S. food supply safer and longer-lasting; breeding plants that use less water, require less pesticides and are more resistant to disease; monitoring greenhouse gases and other pollutants; creating leaner cuts of meat through alternative livestock diets; and creating new and useful products from crop by-products.For over 100 years, Georgia agricultural experiment station researchers have worked as the research and development system for U.S agriculture, keeping agricultural production strong, environmental quality high and families healthy and viable.“With the strong support of our stakeholders, the university, the state and our congressional delegation, we have been able to create a firm foundation which has been leveraged by our faculty and staff into truly excellent programs to meet the needs of our clientele,” Shulstad said. “We have a great team led by Dean Angle to provide fully integrated programs in teaching, research and extension.”
For Georgia corn producers, chances of an insect infestation in grain storage are much higher in late summer or early fall. A University of Georgia entomologist says keeping corn cool and dry is the key to keeping weevil away.“The temperatures are usually warm during harvest, so we bring in corn that’s hot and that really supports a lot of insect growth. It gives us a lot of challenges,” Toews said Michael Toews, an entomologist with the UGA College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences in Tifton.What to doWhat measures can Georgia corn growers take to thwart off potential insect pests? Toews recommends harvesting dry grain, or running it through the dryer to get the moisture content under 14 percent. “As grain moisture decreases toward 11 percent, that makes the grain much less likely to support insect growth,” he said.Grain that is warm and high in moisture is perfect for weevils to reproduce and cause damage. Weevils are cold-blooded beetles so their metabolic rates are dependent on air temperature. If the temperature is 80 or 90 degrees Fahrenheit, the generation time of one adult to the next adult could be as short as four weeks, according to Toews. If farmers can decrease grain temperature using aeration, it can extend the generation period out to two or three months. And, producers can suppress populations long term by keeping their grain cool. How to do itTo do so, Toews recommends installing an aeration fan attached to a thermostat located outside the grain bin. Anytime there is a differential of 10-15 F between the cooler outside air and the grain temperature, the fans should be used. Avoiding infestation is key for corn growers to maintain grain quality, especially when dealing with the threat of the maize weevil, the most dangerous pest a corn grower faces every year. The maize weevil is an economically devastating insect pest that develops inside a corn kernel. Because it’s out of sight, it can be difficult for a farmer to know there is an infestation until the adults emerge. By then, the damage is already done. The problem begins when a female chews a small hole in the kernel, deposits an egg and then seals the hole with a plug. The egg hatches inside the kernel where the insect develops through all the immature stages. The adult eventually chews its way out, leaving an exit hole and an empty kernel. The resulting damage downgrades the grain’s quality and causes farmers to receive a lower price for their crop.“Grain storage is a critical part of crop production. Most of our growers are very aware and concerned with insects in the field, but they also need to realize they can lose just as much of their production income during the storage phase,” Toews said.Corn producers vary on when to sell their products, which is largely determined by the price of corn at that time, he said. “Some will sell right out of the field, but others will store their grain for periods of up to nine months,” Toews said.
This spring when southeast Georgia farmers started pulling their signature sweet Vidalia onions out of the ground, Daniel Jackson and his staff were preparing their lab for the coming onion onslaught. As soon as they’re cleared for shipping, farmers send bags of onions — hundreds of them — to the University of Georgia Crop Quality Lab in Athens for testing. The UGA lab is tasked with determining how sweet, how spicy and how oniony this year’s Vidalia onions are. “We’ll be running onions all day, every day for the next two months,” said Jackson, who works in the Crop Quality Lab. The Crop Quality Lab is one of the five labs that comprise the UGA Agricultural and Environmental Services Laboratories, which is best known for performing UGA Extension’s famous spring soil tests for homeowners and farmers. By the time they’re done, the three-person staff will have cored, crushed and analyzed somewhere between 2,500 and 4,000 pounds of onions. Paid for by testing fees and grants from the Vidalia Onion Committee, the lab’s analysis is used by farmers to optimize growing conditions to ensure that next year’s crop is even better. Plant breeders use the information to vet new onion varieties. This is the second growing season the UGA Crop Quality Lab has been open. Last summer, just a few hundred pounds of onions were tested for a UGA Extension variety trial and a handful of onions were tested for private farmers. This year, demand for their service has more than quadrupled. “Last year we analyzed almost entirely research samples. This year we are running a large number of research samples, but have also received quite a few samples from farmers and seed companies as well,” Jackson said. “This week I took a van down to the research center in Lyons and picked up more than 1,000 pounds of onions. I’ll make that trip to Lyons about every two weeks, so there’s definitely a demand for this service.” Yes, it smells like a room full of onions Everyone has a different palate and different preferences when it comes to onions, so it is hard to say — with certainty — what makes a good sweet onion. UGA’s lab quantifies the chemical compounds that make up the Vidalia onion’s distinctly sweet taste. UGA technicians test for sugar content, which makes the onions sweet; lachrymatory factor, which is the specific compound that causes your eyes to water, but also makes the onions hot; and sulfinates, the chemical compounds that give onions that lingering onion taste, Jackson said. To test the onions, they take core samples from 10 individual onions of a certain variety or from a certain field. They crush them using a custom hydraulic press and collect the onion juice. Then, two technicians work in tandem in a laboratory the size of a galley kitchen to test for the chemical compounds. Speed is of the essence as some of the volatile compounds can break down in a matter of minutes, Jackson said. There’s a lot we still don’t know about Georgia’s favorite onion In addition to on-demand testing for farmers and crop breeders, the laboratory is also engaged in two long-term projects with UGA and USDA researchers. The first involves using trained USDA taste testers to identify how people taste different concentrations of sugar, lachrymatory factor and sulfinates in onions. Taste testers will, for instance, rate the hotness of an onion with a known lachrymatory factor concentration on a scale of one to 10. Next summer, having established the connection between the concentrations of flavor compounds and consumers’ taste experience, Jackson and a team of UGA and USDA reseachers will determine the chemical composition of onions that consumers prefer through wide-scale public taste tests. Vidalias’ sweet, mild flavor is the result of the relatively sandy, sulfur-free soil in which they grow. UGA vegetable horticulturalist Tim Coolong is working to find out how much sulfur-containing fertilizer can be applied to an onion field before that mild flavor is sacrificed, Jackson said. The lab A.O. — After Onions These onion projects will keep Jackson’s staff busy through the end of the summer. After onion season the UGA Crop Quality Lab will turn its attention to other produce. They plan to work with Georgia’s fledgling wine grape and olive industries this fall to provide analysis of wine grapes and olive oil. For more information about the services offered by the UGA Crop Quality Lab and other UGA Agricultural and Environmental Services Laboratories, visit aesl.ces.uga.edu. The Agricultural and Environmental Services Laboratories is a unit of the UGA Extension within the College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences whose mission is to provide objective analytical services to agricultural producers, consumers and agribusinesses.
Dicamba and 2,4-D herbicides, sprayed directly on trees at full rates, kill the plant material they touch, but they don’t travel through the tree or linger from year to year, according to a newly released University of Georgia Cooperative Extension pecan study. The study also found that drift from the herbicides does not hurt the trees.UGA Extension pecan specialist Lenny Wells and UGA Extension weed scientist Eric Prostko researched the effects of low and high concentrations of dicamba and 2,4-D herbicides on pecan trees at the university’s Ponder Farm in Tifton, Georgia. They studied 5-, 8- and 9-year-old ‘Desirable’ pecan trees. No data was collected on older trees.The application of high concentrations of herbicides injured the specific parts of the trees where the herbicides were applied. The team was surprised that the herbicides did not move to other parts of the tree.“At higher concentrations, whatever tissue the herbicide touched, it killed. But we also expected to see translocation of those materials in the tree, meaning if you spray it on one part of the tree, the material would move to another part of the tree. But we did not see that,” Wells said. “There could still be problems, but we feel a little bit better about it than we did initially.”The team also studied the effects of low-concentration applications and whether any of the dicamba or 2,4-D herbicides drifted onto neighboring pecan trees.Applying lower concentrations of herbicides, particularly given minimal drift, resulted in “very little damage,” which also surprised Wells and Prostko.“I went into this research project thinking, ‘If I spray dicamba directly onto a pecan tree, I’m going to kill it.’ That didn’t happen,” Prostko said.During the simulated drift situations, Wells and Prostko sprayed the herbicides directly onto the pecan trees for approximately 10 seconds. They also sprayed into the wind so the herbicides would drift onto the trees.“In Georgia, there’s a good chance you will have peanuts or cotton next to a pecan orchard, so the chances of off-target movement could be great, depending on what else is going on with the wind and the nozzles and everything else we talk about with off-target movement,” Prostko said. “This research alleviated some of the fears we had about dicamba’s or 2,4-D’s impact on pecan trees.”While the research encouraged Wells and Prostko, they still warn Georgia farmers to be wary of their surroundings when applying these herbicides.UGA Extension has made a concentrated effort to educate Georgia growers about the dangers of herbicide drift since 2014. One goal is to make sure that producers are aware of the impact certain herbicides may have on neighboring fields, gardens and other plants.Wells and Prostko collaborated on this project because there was no research data available for UGA Extension agents to distribute to pecan farmers. They wanted to determine how sensitive pecan trees were to these specific herbicides.The scientists have watched the trees since 2013 and have not observed any long-term effects.“Probably one of the biggest concerns that pecan producers have relates to the effects of dicamba the year after they get it in their trees,” Prostko said. “We’re doing this work to make sure there are no long-term effects.”For more information about Georgia pecans, visit Wells’ blog at site.extension.uga.edu/pecan/.
As it is every year, January is National Radon Action month. However, this year feels different, as many people are spending more time at home to keep each other safe and healthy. This makes it even more important that we test our homes for radon, a colorless, odorless gas that is the second-leading cause of lung cancer.Over the course of many years, exposure to this gas can cause lung cancer, even in nonsmokers. In fact, radon is the leading cause of lung cancer among nonsmokers. About 800 Georgians die annually from radon-induced lung cancer.Radon is a naturally occurring gas that comes from the breakdown of uranium in soil and rock. Often granite rock naturally has high levels of uranium, which is part of why radon is such a persistent problem, especially in north Georgia. The gas seeps out of the soil and rises up through crawlspaces, foundations and basements into a home. According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, about 1 in 15 homes have a radon level that should be reduced.Fortunately, testing for radon gas is simple and inexpensive. A short-term radon test is hung in the lowest level of the home for three to seven days before being mailed to the laboratory. The laboratory will then send the homeowner results after it processes the test kit. Test can be obtained from the UGA Radon Program website or from a hardware or big box store. During the month of January, Georgians can receive $5 off their online radon test kit order at radon.uga.edu by using the code NRAM2021 at checkout.If the radon level in your home is high, you can install a radon reduction system. A radon reduction or radon mitigation system reduces high levels of indoor radon to acceptable levels. The system most frequently used is a vent pipe system and fan that pulls radon from beneath the house and vents it to the outside.Radon exposure from drinking water is primarily a concern in private wells. In Georgia, wells drilled into granitic crystalline rock aquifers, usually in the northern part of the state, are at risk of naturally occurring radon contamination. This is where the uranium that decays to radon can be found at higher levels. If you don’t know whether there is radon in your well water, have the water tested.The University of Georgia Agricultural and Environmental Services Laboratories in Athens test water samples for the presence of radon. To get a water testing kit, contact your local UGA Extension office or call 1-800-ASK-UGA1.
Champlain Valley Exposition to Host January Business After HoursESSEX JUNCTION — If you are looking for a fun evening and some great silent auction bargains from local businesses and merchants, plan on attending the Ambassadors Silent Auction and Taste of the Chamber on Thursday, Jan. 25 from 5:30-8 p.m. at Champlain Valley Exposition (CVE).Champlain Valley Exposition, a non-profit organization, is home to many of Vermonts biggest events, including the annual Champlain Valley Fair, Rock Maple Snocross Racing, Vermont Flower Show, Everything Equine (named a Top Ten 2007 Vermont Chamber event), the Vermont Balloon and Music Festival, Spring and Fall Essex Crafts, Vermont Quilt Festival, NSRA Street Rods and the Champlain Valley Antiques Festival to name just a few of more than 100 special events.All these events help us fulfill our mission as a non-profit organization to encourage and support education, agriculture, commerce and entertainment, said CVE General Manager David F. Grimm, CFE.The Robert E. Miller Expo Centre, located on the 130-acre site, is the largest events complex in northern New England. The Expo Centre offers 81,000 sq. ft of clear-span exhibit space designed for maximum flexibility and is completely air-conditioned for year-round use.The professional staff and event management team at the Exposition provide turn-key services for consumer and trade shows, banquets, conventions, meetings, weddings, concerts and conferences. A 14,000 sq. ft connector building between Expo South and North has offices, conference rooms, concession space, a prep kitchen and additional dressing and rest rooms. Wireless internet service is also available at the Expo Centre and on the grounds of the Exposition during special events.The Expo Centre project was completed in January 2006 by REM Development Company, Williston, Robert E. Miller president.The 2007 Champlain Valley Fair, held at the Exposition Aug. 25- Sept. 3, has been designated as one of the Top 100 Events in North America by the American Bus Association (ABA) list. Inclusion in the Top 100 list indicates that Vermonts largest annual event offers excellent entertainment value to both tour groups and individual travelers from around the world, said ABA.The Fair also received the 2006 John Deere Agricultural Awards of Excellence Sweepstakes Award from the International Association of Fairs and Expositions for best overall exhibits and agricultural events in the nation. The attractiveness of the Champlain Valley Fair as a dont-miss entertainment value is only part of why its selection this year is such a distinction, said Peter J. Pantuso, ABAs president and CEO. The honor gives Vermont, the Lake Champlain region and the Champlain Valley Fair an important boost in visibility among professional tour planners and travel professionals. According to studies recently completed by researchers at The George Washington University and Dunham and Associates, one overnight visit by a motor coach group can leave from $5,000 to more than $13,000 in a local destinations economy. Those dollars are spent on lodging, meals, admissions, shopping, souvenirs, services and local taxes.With the addition of new electrical and water service throughout the Exposition grounds, the ability to host large recreational vehicle and motor home rallies grew dramatically in 2006.CVE was the site of the Newmar Kountry Klub International Rally in Fall 2006 with more than 900 RVs on site. It was also the host of the BMW Motorcycle Owners of America International Rally in July 2006 which brought more than 9,000 visitors to the Champlain Valley region and Vermont for nearly a week. The resulting regional economic activity CVE events encourages is substantial approximately $80 million per year, Expo officials say.The combination of modern facilities, convenient location near Burlington International Airport and access to major state and interstate highways makes CVE an attractive destination for regional and national organizations like the N.E. Forest Products Expo, Vermont Grocers Association, Green Mountain Alpacas and Green Mountain Dog Show. Champlain Valley Expositions experienced sales and marketing team are ready to help you grow your events in 2007 and beyond.· For information on holding your special events or meeting at the Exposition, contact Tom Oddy, director of special events at (802) 878-5545 email@example.com(link sends e-mail).· To learn how your business can benefit as a sponsor of an event, contact Chris Ashby, director of sales and marketing at (802) 8787-5545 or firstname.lastname@example.org(link sends e-mail).· A complete calendar of events is available at www.cvfair.com(link is external)
University of Vermont,The University of Vermont has announced that three new legislative trustees, a gubernatorial appointee, and a new student trustee are joining its board of trustees. The new legislative trustees, elected by the Vermont General Assembly to six-year terms, are Carolyn Branagan, Christopher Bray, and David Potter. Governor Douglas has appointed Mark Young, who previously served as a legislative trustee from 2002-2007, to a six-year term. The new student trustee, Adam Roof, was selected to serve a two-year term by the Associate Directors for the Appointment of The University of Vermont and State Agricultural College Student Trustees, Inc.Leaving the board are legislative trustees Edwin Amidon, James Leddy, and Martha Heath, gubernatorial appointed trustee Robert Young, and student trustee Beth Rice.All of the new trustees will participate in the board meeting scheduled for May 14 through 16.Branagan, a Republican from Georgia, has served in the Vermont House of Representatives since 2003. She was the House Education Committee clerk from 2003 to 2004 and is the House Ways and Means Committee ranking member in 2009/10. She is the Franklin County Republican Committee chair and is a member of the Governor’s Commission on International Education. She has also served as co-chair of the Vermont Legislative Women’s Caucus, chair of the Georgia School Board; member of the coordinating council of Vermont Interactive Television; and trustee and chair of the Vermont Maple Festival. She received B.S. and M.Ed. degrees from UVM.Bray, a Democrat from New Haven, has served in the Vermont House of Representatives since 2007. Formerly he taught at UVM for four years in the English department and founded Common Grounds Communications, which provides writing, editing, design and production services to a variety of clients and publishing houses. He is clerk of the House Agricultural Committee ; secretary of the Vermont Milk Commission; chair of the Rural Economic Development Working Group.; and member of the Vermont Forestry Commission and the Economic Development Committee of the Governor’s Dairy Task Force. He received a B.A degree from UVM in Zoology and an M.A. in English. He also graduated from UVM’s Snelling Center for Government.Potter, a Democrat from Clarendon, has served in the Vermont House of Representatives since 2005. Potter taught at Rutland High School for 31 years before retiring and was on active duty in the Air Force for 10 years. He is a member or affiliate of the West Rutland Rotary; the Rutland County Audubon Society; the Vermont Federation of Sportsman Clubs; the Rutland Regional Transportation Council; the Vermont Workforce Development Council; the Clarendon Selectboard; the Clarendon Planning Commission; the National Guard Association of the U.S.; the Vermont Sugarmakers Association; and the Vermont Woodland Association. In 2008 he was named Vermont Tree Farmer of the Year. He is a retired member of the Vermont Air National Guard, SQ Commander, Lt. Col.Young, of Orwell, is president and CEO of the First National Bank of Orwell. He currently serves as the Town of Orwell treasurer and trustee of Public Funds. He is a board member of Union Mutual of Vermont Companies and the Vermont Center for the Book and is a member of the Vermont Economic Progress Council. He was a member of the Vermont House of Representatives from 1993-2006. He is a past chair of the executive committee of the Vermont Bankers Association and received the Vermont Bankers Association Outstanding Community Service Banker Award in 2001.Roof, of South Walpole, Mass., is currently enrolled in the College of Arts and Sciences, majoring in Political Science and English. He serves on the Peer Judicial Board in the Harris/Millis residential complex, and is a member of the Dean of Students Advisory Board and the Men’s Club Hockey Team.