It doesn’t take much to spark a memory to life, be it good or bad.The smell of acid spilt from a busted battery at a serious car accident of quietness and darkness of an intensive care unit.The look that one human being can pass on to another, that things are not right. Advertisement Be it the person that’s suffering or the person that is trying to save a life.Over the last year or so in my job as a photojournalist, I have covered the arrival of a new and very specialised piece of equipment.I watched in amazement and with nervousness as people with spinal injuries or stroke patients were carefully helped from wheelchairs or walking frames and were placed into a frame that could be fully adjusted to suit before the patient is securely strapped in.To watch someone rise from a sitting position to their feet, with the aid of this frame makes you think and appreciate how difficult a small action like standing up becomes so much more complicated with injuries of disabilities. Advertisement In our dayI still have two walking sticks at home, one of them belonged to my grandfather, Pop Coyle, who used it all of his life.The walking sticks that which belonged to my grandfather and then my Auntie B also handy for directing traffic. Photo Brian McDaid.His walking stick went everywhere with him in the car when he was driving his old red Opel Kadett, or hanging on the pew in front of him when he went to mass up until he died in 1977, in his 90th year.ModifiedThen the stick was modified and shortened when his daughter Bida Deeney needed two walking sticks to get about on. Bida, who may have been weak in body, was strong in mind.She was once the county goalkeeper for Donegal in Camogie.So, the story was often told of a pushy motorist who wouldn’t let her cross the road in front of her home one day and then had second thoughts when she left the track of her fathers walking stick on the bonnet of his beautiful BMW.For those who never meet Fr. Mark or Bida Deeney, I have inched a small clip of a video of the two of them at Fr Mark’s Golden Jubilee celebration to the priesthood, which was held in And Friary a good few years ago Passing on Miah DeeneyThen at her husbands Miah’s funeral, Bida put on a brave face and weathered her sorrow, only to suffer from a stroke at the funeral meal after at Gleneany House.Knowing that time was vital in getting medical attention, we lifted Bida, chair and all, and bundled her into my car and drove her to the hospital.Even then she was looking for us to wheel her around and leave her down to the foot of the town instead of taking her to the hospital and causing any fuss.RehabAfter a long stay in both Letterkenny General and the rehab unit across the road in St. Conal’s Hospital, Bida still believed she would be able to manage at home on her own.It worked for her mother who also suffered a stroke many years before and Bida gave up her job in the Model Bakery Shop on the High Rd to look after her wheelchair-bound mother, in the home house that was converted from a garage to have all its rooms on the ground floor.HopeA team from the rehab unit travelled down from the hospital with Bida to see if she could now manage on her own in her own home.I can still remember one of the therapists checking me up when I went to slide the back of the wheelchair around to assist Bida to make it into her sitting room.Bida Deeney (centre) with the President Mary Mc Eleese and her husband Martin also pictured are Brian McDaid, Ward sister Olive Gallagher and Ward Manager Donna Gallagher Reid. Photo By Pat HarveyThe house that Bida cared for her mother in now wasn’t suitable for Bida to manage on her own.It was hard for a strong-willed person like Bida to accept, but in the long term it was for the best and Bida was lucky to get the specialised care she needed in St. Josephs Hospital in Stranorlar and also was able to continue the habit of a lifetime of getting to mass every morning where the late Monsignor McDyre was a regular celebrant.Car CrashIn 2008 her brother Fr. Mark Coyle was involved in a horrific road traffic incident in which it was thought at the time he wouldn’t survive.As a fireman attending the incident, I was trying to talk to Fr Mark (my uncle) before he became unconscious. Medics at the scene thought he wouldn’t even make it as far as the hospital and sent me back in the ambulance with him to Letterkenny.At the hospital, the emergency doctor in charge advised me to start making phone calls as the team worked on him and his injuries in an effort to save his life.Fr. Mark was induced into a coma and scans of his injuries were transported by taxi to Dublin.Fr Mark Coyle who suffered serious injuries in a road traffic incident just over ten years ago . Photo By Brendan Tiny Vaughan.The specialist spinal unit at the Mater Hospital sent word from Dublin to send Fr. Mark up.Again, we were told that he might not survive the operations that they needed to do but they had no choice.After a failed attempt where they had to abandon the operation because of other breathing complications, a second attempt they had success in dealing with his C2 fracture in his spine.Fr. Marks progress was slow.Four months into his stay in ICU and the high dependance unit in the Mater Hospital word come through that he might be going to the rehabilitation unit in Dun Laoire.Sadly other complications were to ditch that possibility.For all the injuries that he had suffered in the accident, this seemed to be the blow that was to hit him the worse much like his sister Bida a few years earlier when she got word that she couldn’t manage in her own at home following her stroke.Fr. Mark who was strong in willpower and prayer tried to come to terms with the fact that his body was at the limit of what could be achieved for him.Destination DonegalThe fingerpost on his journey to recovery change from Dun Laoire and pointed to Donegal and Letterkenny and the thought of getting home boosted his flattened batteries.The sun blinded him the day he arrived back to the ward in Letterkenny General Hospital, I went to pull the curtains and I was stopped in my tracks, leave them Fr. Mark suggested.I never thought I would see my home town again or the chapel spire so I’ll suffer a bit of sun in my eyes.The rehab unit and the staff got Fr. Mark back on his feet, one of them even took a fishing rod into work with them and had the man who loved fishing casting a line out into the gardenMaden vogueAn electric wheelchair was made to fit the dimensions of the elevator in Ards Friary, but we didn’t factor in my uncle’s enthusiasm to operate the new electric-powered wheelchair, resulting in him parking his chair on top of my foot as we took the elevator to a new development in his rehabilitation journey.Padre PioOn the first evening, Fr Mark celebrated mass from his wheelchair in Ards a well-wisher come up to him after the service to wish him well and also for to get him to bless a few things that had bought in the shop.One of them was a Padre Pio fridge magnet, somehow they doubled up as an immobiliser disabled his wheelchair on the altar and only after searching through the instruction book did we find the wheelchairs immobiliser to reverse the power of Padre Pio’s Fridge Magnet.These memories this week from over a decade were rekindled when I was asked to cover a press conference to launch the No Barriers Foundation charity ball at Castle Grove House on the 8th of June.Johnny Loughrey and his team from No Barriers Foundation as they demonstrate the robotic walking aid at Castle Grove County House Photo Brian McDaid.Money raised on the night went to support the use of a state of the art robotic technology to help spinal injury, stroke, MS and brain injury victims, amongst others, to stand up and walk.My story might be different to others that are going through an injury or illness of this type, but the work of the No Barriers team under the directorship of Johnny Loughrey has to be commended for the work they are doing and plan to do if their fundraising evening is a success.Happy Motoring Folks.No Barriers announce unmissable summer charity ballDD Motoring: Road to recovery was last modified: May 9th, 2019 by Brian McDaidShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)
© Tim Goode/PA WirePep Guardiola says he is unsure whether Raheem Sterling will sign a new contract at Manchester City.The Harlesden-raised 23-year-old became British football’s most expensive player in 2015 when swapping Liverpool for the Etihad Stadium in a deal rising to £49m – a move which saw Sterling’s former club QPR bank £8m courtesy of a sell-on fee.The England forward has yet to agree a new contact with just two years left on his current deal.“There’s no doubt we want him,” the City boss said.“He knows, his agent knows. We want him. Txiki (Begiristain, City’s director of football) spoke with him.“It’s clear since the first day I arrived we want him, but the deals are the deals, and the agents are the agents, and the players are the players.“So, at the end I don’t know what is going to happen, but I assure you 100 per cent that the club, myself like a manager, sport director, even his team-mates, we want him to stay longer here.” Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebookby Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksRecommended for youAspireAbove.comRemember Pauley Perrette? Try Not To Smile When You See Her NowAspireAbove.comUndoLifestly.com25 Celebs You Didn’t Realize Are Gay – No. 8 Will Surprise WomenLifestly.comUndoUsed Cars | Search AdsUsed Cars in Tuen Mun Might Be Cheaper Than You ThinkUsed Cars | Search AdsUndoCelebsland.com9 Celebrity Before-And-After Plastic Surgery DisastersCelebsland.comUndoActive Feel11 Warning Body Signs You Shouldn’t IgnoreActive FeelUndoActive Feel7 Common Foods To Clean Your ColonActive FeelUndoOrganic WelcomeThe 7 Worst Foods For Your Brain That Might Shock YouOrganic WelcomeUndoWomenArticle.comThe Top 10 Cheapest Countries To Buy a HomeWomenArticle.comUndo
Several aspects of the dinosaur-to-bird evolution don’t make sense in the light of evolution.Museums and park displays show the public dioramas of dinosaurs going extinct 65 million years ago. After the asteroid strike (or volcanoes) did in the dinosaurs, birds really took off, diversifying into the great variety of birds we have today. Does this match the evidence? First, the news.Ancient Birds Out of the Egg Running (University of Hong Kong). A species of enantiornithine (“other-bird”) birds said to date from 125 million Darwin Years ago appears to have been ready to follow its mother after hatching. Such “precocial” hatchlings are seen in chickens and ducks today, while “altricial” birds like eagles and egrets nurture their hatchlings in the nest for days or weeks. In Nature Scientific Reports, Thomas Kaye, Michael Pittman and team announce that a “Fully fledged enantiornithine hatchling … supports precocial nesting behavior.” Fully fledged means that the 3cm-long chick already had a coat of feathers, a sign that it was hatched ready to move.This discovery via new technology demonstrates that some early birds adopted a precocial breeding strategy just like modern birds. Thus, in the time of the dinosaurs, some enantiornithine bird babies had the means to avoid the dangers of Mesozoic life perhaps by following their parents or moving around themselves. “One of the feathers discovered was of a substantial size and preserves features seen in other hatchlings. It indicates that our hatchling had reasonably well-developed flight feathers at the time of birth”, says Jesús Marugán-Lobón, a co-author from the Universidad Autónoma of Madrid, Spain (Figs. 2B, 4). This and other “illuminating” discoveries are adding to our knowledge of ancient life with details surviving in the fossil record that were never thought possible even a couple decades ago.The imaging technique of Laser-Stimulated Fluorescence they used revealed “previously unseen elemental maps of soft tissue residues” within the feather filaments, the paper states. Enantiornithine birds, some of which had teeth and lacked beaks, disappeared with the dinosaurs, but were clearly capable of flight as early as Archaeopteryx, said to be the oldest bird at 150 million years.Oldest egg fossil discovered inside ancient mama bird (USA Today). Several news outlets reported the finding of an egg still inside its mother’s body. Eggs and medullary bone from which the shells arise are only present for short periods of time, so finding an egg intact surprised the paleontologists. The fossil, found in China, was named Avimaia Schweitzerae, named after Mary Schweitzer “for her ground-breaking works on MB [medullary bone] and for her role in establishing the field of molecular paleontology.” Schweitzer is also well known for having found a number of striking cases of soft tissue preservation in dinosaurs.The paper in Nature Communications suggests that this Lower Cretaceous specimen contains a few preserved remnants of primordial biological material:Fragments of the shell membrane and cuticle are both preserved. SEM reveals that the cuticle consists of nanostructures resembling those found in neornithine eggs adapted for infection-prone environments, which are hypothesized to represent the ancestral avian condition. The femur preserves small amounts of probable medullary bone, a tissue found today only in reproductively active female birds. To our knowledge, no other occurrence of Mesozoic medullary bone is associated with indications of reproductive activity, such as a preserved egg, making our identification unique, and strongly supported….An additional dark brown layer is preserved in some regions (Fig. 2b). SEM and EDS indicate this layer is enriched in phosphorus compared to the rest of the eggshell, suggesting this represents part of the eggshell cuticle.Nevertheless, in this specimen, “very few of the original organic components are preserved,” the authors say.Take your Darwin glasses off and look at their story with clear reason, in light of the evidence. The date of the little precocial chick fossil (125 million Darwin Years) is twice as long as the date of the alleged dinosaur-killing asteroid (65 million Darwin Years). Archaeopteryx is said to be another 25 million years older. For all that time, there were birds flying over the heads of the great dinosaurs. Whether you accept that some land-roaming dinosaurs had “feathers” or not, this bird tale should strike you as puzzling:Where are the ancestors? Flight just appears, fully functional.A wide variety of birds existed before the alleged extinction event: ones that look like ducks, gulls and shorebirds.The dinosaur-era birds display many of the same behaviors and traits of modern birds.Original molecules from these birds can be found in the fossils. How could they last 125 million years?Delicate, time-sensitive impressions (e.g., medullary bone) are present. Why is it pristine after so long?How did these birds become fossilized so quickly that delicate tissues are still present?Does the origin of birds make sense in light of evolution? No. You can’t just look at a flying bird without ancestors and sigh, “Stuff happens.” But the facts about birds, both living and fossilized, make sense in light of creation. (Visited 509 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
South Africa can once again be proud of itself as we successfully conclude our fifth democratic elections – the first since the passing of our inspirational and much-loved former president, Nelson Mandela. The elections presented a unique opportunity for all South African citizens to play their part in the democratic process.By using their hard fought-for right to vote, they renewed their commitment to our country’s future development. Brand South Africa is grateful to each citizen for using their vote to make a difference, and for being part of this important and valued democratic process.Over 18-million people, representing 73.42% of those eligible to vote in the country, participated in the election, which was closely watched around the globe. Post-1994 South Africa has always inspired positive change throughout the world, and is of particular interest to those countries looking to achieve their own democratic freedom.IEC chairperson Pansy Tlakula said: “As we celebrate two decades of democracy and conclude the 2014 elections, we can affirm democracy is alive and well and thriving in our land.” This positive sentiment was echoed by IEC Deputy Chairperson Terry Tselane, who said the elections had demonstrated the same spirit the country had in 1994, something the nation should be proud of.Both the African Union (AU) and Southern African Development Community (SADC) observer missions congratulated South Africa on a free, fair, transparent and credible election.Building a nationNow that the election is over and the results are known, the work of building a strong, united and competitive nation continues.The journey must ensure a country that is able to deliver on the needs and aspirations of its own citizens, is able to position itself in the global marketplace as an investment destination of choice, and remains a democratic example for others to follow.We should all, as active citizens in South Africa, now look to work together with government and the private sector to play our part in contributing to positive change that will mean a better life for all.The Play Your Part campaign was originally created to inspire, empower and celebrate active citizenship in the country, lifting the spirit of the nation as a whole by inspiring all South Africans to make a contribution in some way and to bring positive change to our society and to the lives of others.Roadmap for the futureUltimately, if we are to live up to the aspirations and values laid out by those who fought for the freedom we enjoy today, then we all need to become more involved and start making a difference, playing our part in the next phase of South Africa’s growth and development. By doing so, we will become a nation of people who care deeply not just their country, but also care for one another as individuals and for the environment in which we all live.The National Development Plan is South Africa’s widely accepted roadmap to securing the country’s economic future. It requires every citizen and stakeholder, from every sector of society, who has an interest in this exciting new future, to contribute towards building a prosperous nation.As the National Development Plan is now in its implementation phase, the time has never been better to have a shared strategic framework to nurture real growth and development. The National Development Plan provides a dynamic and resilient roadmap, capable of not only unlocking a brighter economic future for all citizens, but also helping to practically eliminate poverty and reduce inequality.The National Development Plan sets out ambitious goals, together with a practical framework, to address South Africa’s most pressing challenges of poverty reduction, job creation, economic growth and transformation. As the implementation process of the NDP gets fully under way, the role of the private sector and civil society in partnering with the government to achieve these goals will become increasingly more critical.By uniting all South Africans under the overarching National Development Plan framework, the combined energies of all the country’s stakeholders and citizens can help to grow a genuinely inclusive economy. We can work together to create a more globally competitive environment, build the necessary human capital and capabilities required for this new and shared economic future, and meaningfully solve the complex problems that we are facing today and in the future.Every citizen from every walk of life can make a difference by playing their part in whatever small way, and contribute to the building of a strong, vibrant and competitive South Africa for the future. Having made our votes count, let us now make our individual efforts count in building a great nation together.Matola is the chief executive of Brand South AfricaFor more information on Play Your Part, see www.playyourpart.co.zaTo read more about South Africa’s National Development Plan, see www.southafrica.info
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Shelly Detwiler, berry farmer and dieticianCamping is hot! Trendy I mean, the thing to do. Camping is one of the top 5 outside activities Americans like to do. Last year, 60% of midwesterners camped at least once during the year. That’s a bunch of campers! In 2015 Americans spent an estimated on $5.8 billion at camping and RV parks. That’s not even including dollars spent on camping equipment and shelter. Paul and I rejoined this camping craze by buying a travel trailer in 2016. It’s a great way to relax, unwind and, most of the time, unconnect with the outside world. It’s amazing we even wanted to camp again after our most memorable camping trip with the boys (2 and 5 at the time) in the summer of 1997.We were super excited to try out a new 5-man tent, a recent Christmas gift, and headed off for a weekend of camping at Warren Dunes. About 15 minutes from the campground we realized we had forgotten our tent! Our boys were small, so we thought we could squeeze in a cheap 3-man tent. After a quick stop at Walmart for the tent (and some Twizzlers Paul had snuck in the cart) and we headed back to campground. We jumped out of the car and were greeted with 95-degree temps, 95% humidity and a giant mob of mosquitos. It was time to suit and repellant up from head to toe to keep the ‘skitos at bay. They were so thick, though, our efforts did not do much to thwart the problematic bugs. I have a photo of 32 bites on Luke’s face alone!We enjoyed a campfire, smores and of course the Twizzlers. It was time to head to our tent and conquer the sleeping logistics. Later that night we awoke to projectile vomiting of Twizzlers! I’m not sure how we survived the night, but we did. The next morning, we enjoyed breakfast and decided to head to the beach. Upon arrival at the beach we witnessed multiple John Deere Loaders scooping up loads of dead fish washing up on the shore. Supposedly it was an unusual phenomenon to have such huge amounts of dead fish washing up. We don’t know or care, we never went back.The food, beside Twizzlers, is one of my favorite things about camping. The second reason we bought Betty (that’s our camper) is so we could cook outside. (The first being we were too old to sleep on the ground and needed a bed). That’s right, there is a mini kitchen in the back of the Betty! We wanted to still feel like we were camping and connecting in the great outdoors! Betty’s mini-kitchen consists of a small sink, two gas burners and a mini fridge. I’ve scanned Pinterest and the library shelves for ideas for camp cooking. I’ve decided I can’t live without my Dutch oven and bagged salads. I can prep things on the campfire or Betty’s burners and then let the Dutch oven do it’s magic while I take a hike, play a game, chat, or even a nap! It is the most versatile piece of equipment you need. I’ve made soups, stews, casseroles, roasts, cobblers, breakfast and even pizza in the Dutch oven! Add the bagged salad and voila! One of the most important things to know in Dutch oven cooking is your charcoal ratio. I printed off this handy dandy chart and keep it in the camper, so I can refer to it all times. https://www.campingforfoodies.com/Dutch-oven-temperature-chart/These two empty nesters have really embraced the great outdoors and the adventures we take. We love to take pictures of Betty with all the roadside attractions she encounters! https://www.roadsideamerica.com/ Enjoy these recipes on your next off the grid quest! It’s sure to be an awesome culinary experience!Eat well & healthy,ShellyDutch Oven Lasagna www.freshoffthegrid.comI can’t wait to make this my next trip off the grid! I would probably have to put some hamburger in it for my meat-loving hubby! 1 tablespoon olive oil2 1/2 cups pasta sauce12 oz fresh lasagna noodles3 cups fresh baby spinach1 1/2 cup shredded cheese1 tablespoon dried oregano or basil PRE-HEAT: If cooking over a campfire, get your coals ready. You’ll need 25 total bricks. If cooking at home, preheat your oven to 400.ASSEMBLE THE LASAGNA: Start by coating the bottom of a 10″ Dutch oven with the olive oil to help prevent the bottom layer from sticking. Add 1/2 cup pasta sauce and spread evenly over the bottom of the Dutch oven. Use the first set of noodles to create the base of the lasagna. Layer 1/2 cup sauce, 1 cup baby spinach, and 1/3 cup cheese. Repeat (one set noodles, 1/2 cup sauce, 1 cup spinach, 1/3 cup cheese) two more times. For the final layer, use the last set of noodles, 1/2 cup sauce, and 1/2 cup cheese. Sprinkle the oregano over the top.BAKE: Use 8 coals to create a bed to set your Dutch oven on. Place the Dutch oven on top of the coals. Cover the oven with the lid and place the remaining 17 coals on top of the lid. If cooking at home, simply cover your Dutch oven and stick it in your preheated oven. Bake for 30 minutes, until the noodles are tender and cooked through and the cheese has melted.SERVE: Take the Dutch oven off the heat. Carefully remove the lid and set aside. Cut the lasagna into 4 wedges, plate, and enjoy! Dutch Oven PizzaI have made this, and it is yummy but very easy to burn. Set your phone or watch and make sure you use the charcoal guideline above. 1 pkg. of refrigerated pizza dough1 squeeze bottle of Contadina pizza crust2-3 cups of shredded pizza, Italian or mozzarella cheese2-4 Tbsp. Parmesan cheese1 pkg. of turkey pepperoni1 red pepper sliced, or other favorite toppingOregano Using temperature chart for a 400° oven for a 12 inch Dutch oven; light 25 coals . While coals are heating up; spray w cooking spray or rub oil on the bottom and sides of the Dutch oven. Roll out the pizza crust, spread the crust to almost the edge. Sprinkle with parmesan cheese, half of shredded cheese. Top with pepperoni and red pepper slices. Cover toppings with remaining cheese and sprinkle with oregano. Lay Dutch oven on top of 8 coals spread out. Top Dutch oven lid with 17 coals. Bake for about 10 minutes. Check bottom. Enjoy with a bagged salad. Shrimp and Asparagus Foil Packs with Garlic Lemon ButterThis sounds like a must on a spring camping trip with fresh asparagus! 1 1/2 lbs large (21/25) shrimp peeled and deveined*2 Tbsp dry white wine or chicken broth4 tsp minced garlic (4 cloves)2 tsp lemon zestSalt and freshly ground black pepper6 Tbsp butter diced into small cubes1 1/2 Tbsp fresh lemon juice2 Tbsp chopped fresh parsley1 lb medium thickness asparagus woody ends trimmed Preheat a grill to medium-high heat (about 400 – 425 degrees). Cut 4 sheets of 14 by 12-inch heavy duty aluminum foil then lay each piece separately on countertop.Divide shrimp among packets near center then place asparagus to one side of the shrimp (going the long direction of the foil). Pour 1/2 Tbsp white wine over each. Sprinkle over garlic (1 tsp per packet) and lemon zest then season with salt and pepper. Divide butter pieces evenly among packets layering them over the shrimp and asparagus. Wrap packets in and crimp edges together then wrap ends up (don’t wrap too tight – keep a little extra space inside for heat to circulate).Grill, sealed side upward, until shrimp has cooked through, about 9 – 10 minutes. Carefully unwrap then drizzle with lemon juice (or just serve with lemon wedges for spritzing) and sprinkle with parsley. Pound Cake and Berry Campfire Skillet Dessert www.tasteandtellblog.com 12-16 oz fresh berries2 tablespoons sugar2-4 Tbsp. butter3/4 lb pound cakeRolo candy bars Combine the berries and the sugar in a bowl and let sit until the juices start to release, 10-15 minutes.Place a grate over hot coals (or you can use a grill). Add the butter to a 12” cast iron skillet and allow to melt. Cut the pound cake into 1” cubes. Add to the hot skillet and cook, turning often, until all sides are toasted. Remove the skillet from the heat.Sprinkle the berries over the top of the cake cubes, then sprinkle the Rolos over the top. Cover the skillet with foil and allow to sit until the berries are warm and the chocolate is melting, 5-10 minutes. 4-6 servings
Tags:#Analysis#enterprise klint finley 3 Areas of Your Business that Need Tech Now Cognitive Automation is the Immediate Future of… Forrester released today a report called Caution: IT Investment May Be Hurting US Job Growth. The report’s authors – Andrew Bartels, Christopher Mines and Sarah Musto – note that despite record corporate profits, unemployment remains unchanged. Forrester notes that poor job growth both causes and is caused by poor economic growth. It’s a vicious cycle.The report suggests that corporations are investing in IT instead of hiring workers. The analysts looked at research from 62 industries to find out what’s going on. The report says that the industries with the highest IT investment are also the ones with the biggest decline in jobs. The analysts conclude that there is a causal connection between IT investment growth and the lack of employment growth.Forrester is not the first to suggest this. Gartner VP and fellow Tom Austin’s blog post on the same subject lead us to ask last year “What Can IT Do To Stimulate the Job Market?” And AMI Partners claimed last year that cloud computing would result in 200,000 – 250,000 job losses over the next decade.Here’s some of what Forrester found:In 2/3 of industries raised IT investment while cutting jobs.In 1/5 of industries cut deep into employment while investing heavily in IT.In 1/4 of industries, IT investment was up and job losses were small.In 1/3 of industries both IT investment and employment were down.In five industries, IT investment was reduced and employment was increased.In 1/10 of industries, federal stimulus increased both IT investment and employment.“Looking across these 62 private sector industries, we found a modest but statistically significant inverse or negative correlation between IT investment and employment,” the report says. The effect was most pronounced in manufacturing.The industries that cut IT spending and boosted employment were: social assistance, computer systems design and related services, transit systems, performing arts and spectator sports and waste management.Industries that were able to raise both IT spending and employment were: ambulatory healthcare, education, nursing and residential care, hospitals, oil and gas extraction, mining support activities, petroleum, pipeline and utilities.What can be done? Forrester’s report is aimed at vendors who need to avoid the stigma of being bad for jobs. Forrester also warns that the perception that IT could be bad for jobs could cause political problems as well. “While the Republican takeover of the US House of representatives does reduce the risk of congressional hearings, resolution, and legislation on technology as a killer of jobs, republicans will be none too happy if the tax incentives for new business investment that they support end up in companies buying more technology instead of hiring more workers.” Therefore, Forrester’s advice for vendors is to tone down rhetoric about cost savings and emphasize technology’s ability to grow top-line revenues.But changing rhetoric won’t necessarily solve the actual problem. Forrester suggests that technology will lead to new jobs. That’s very likely – but will it lead to enough jobs to make up for the ones we lose? As Austin wrote, it’s 50 years since the IT revolution began. “Where all the new jobs for the ones displaced?”Photo by Daniel Lobo. Massive Non-Desk Workforce is an Opportunity fo… IT + Project Management: A Love Affair Related Posts
The close-up shot is a director’s secret weapon, but it requires technical know-how and narrative timing. Here’s what you need to know.Cover image via REDPIXEL.PL.There is a scene in Five Easy Pieces wherein Bobby Dupea (Jack Nicholson) wheels his ailing father (William Challee) outside in the cold to view the sunset, confess, expose, and apologize for his estrangement from the family. It’s a powerful sequence and a raw and emotional disclosure for our main character.The scene requires intimacy, and Bob Rafelson knew that it required a close-up — but one that served the story and the character. These men have had a turbulent, cold, and distant relationship. The sequence begins reflecting the past with a long shot of Nicholson and Challee against a dramatic sunset. They are both small and insignificant against the majestic sky.Image via Columbia Pictures.They stop dead center in the frame, and at this camera distance, Nicholson fixes the blanket on the old man’s lap and utters “You cold” to someone too sick for words. It’s the first step at connection, and on action, as Nicholson bends down to his level, Rafelson cuts to a medium two-shot. He sustains this shot for about 40 seconds, until Nicholson earns his close up — until the character is ready to reveal something. And even then, Rafelson frames the shot below his shoulders to not be too intrusive. He allows his actor to determine the frame.Rafelson doesn’t rein in the performance — if Nicholson needed to drop his head, the camera moved with him. When Nicholson leans and nearly leaves the frame, Rafelson cuts quickly to a reaction shot of Challee then returns to Nicholson swinging back in. It’s at that exact moment when Nicholson loses it emotionally, and he becomes his most vulnerable. All of this is by design, not luck or spontaneity. The people in the editing room chose these moments precisely to reflect the director’s vision for the emotional result of the scene.The PayoffImage via Paramount.Just like the source material, the close-up (by design) is the payoff shot. A line like “Frankly, my dear, I don’t give a damn” in Gone With the Wind only has power because of the nearly four hours we’ve spent watching Rhett Butler pursue, sacrifice for, and ache over Scarlett O’Hara. When he says that line, it’s a release for the character and the end of his story.The same principle applies to shooting. The close-up shot is a window into the character. It can reveal the character’s growth moment (John McClane’s confession to Powell that he never told his wife he’s sorry in Die Hard); it can depict a character discovering something important (Gene Hackman unraveling the truth in The Conversation) or create tension between characters (the standoff in The Good, the Bad and the Ugly). It can be all this and much more. It is a tool the director uses to let the audience know that a particular moment is important.If you overuse it, you run the risk of fatiguing the viewer and undermining the truly important moments. If you avoid it completely, you may be missing opportunities to reveal character and risk emotionally alienating the story.Technical ConsiderationsImage via United Artists.You’ll want to use a longer lens (70mm-100mm) for a close-up. A longer lens makes the depth of field shallower and throws the background out of focus. A wider lens tends to distort faces, making them look abnormal. Longer lenses reduce that effect. If you were to use a 24mm lens, you would have to move the camera very close to your subject to frame the actor for a close-up and contend with a lot more background than you would using a 70 or 85mm lens.In terms of storytelling, overusing the close-up might undermine the artistic vision. If you highlight every scene as special, then nothing is particularly special. In addition, overusing the close-up can disorient the viewer. If there are no establishing shots or master or medium shots that show the viewer where they are in the context of the events in the film, you can create a frustrating experience that won’t serve the story.Continuity is also an important consideration. You may be so focused on the depth of field that subtle aspects of continuity could get lost. For example, if you were shooting outside, was there a breeze in the establishing or wide shot that later, when you are shooting the close-up, is missing? Has the natural light dramatically changed, and will you need to artificially match it to the master? The temperature? If so, pay attention so the actor doesn’t appear cold in the master but comfortable in the close-up.Up Close and PersonalImage via Artisan Entertainment.The close-up is a powerful design tool for the director. It should spring from the screenplay, giving the viewer clues and insight into story and character.Try to imagine Ellen Burstyn’s powerful story about wearing the red dress in Requiem for a Dream from across the room. And see what the director (Aronofsky) conveys by getting out of the close-up as soon as Jared Leto’s character begins to lie. He stands, moves away, and ends up framed at the very edge. He is so far removed from the previous intimacy that he is practically out of frame. That is filmmaking that serves the story and resonates with the audience.Looking for more cinematography breakdowns? 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