After a busy offseason the Sharks are set to return to the ice this weekend with the start of training camp in San Jose.Camp opens Friday at Solar4America Ice as the Sharks prepare for their first campaign without captain Joe Pavelski in 14 years. Also gone are Gustav Nyquist and Joonas Donskoi, but potential free agents Erik Karlsson, Joe Thornton and Timo Meier are back in the fold.The Sharks on Tuesday released their camp roster and schedule.Most camp sessions at Solar4America Ice are …
(Visited 58 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 How long does it take to form veins of gold in the rock? (a) millions of years; (b) less than a second.If you guessed (b), you overestimated. It might just be a few tenths of a second. So reported Richard A. Lovett in Nature News about a new study in Nature Geoscience on the relationship between heat, pressure, precipitation, and earthquakes.Scientists have long known that veins of gold are formed by mineral deposition from hot fluids flowing through cracks deep in Earth’s crust. But a study published today in Nature Geoscience has found that the process can occur almost instantaneously — possibly within a few tenths of a second.The process takes place along ‘fault jogs’ — sideways zigzag cracks that connect the main fault lines in rock, says first author Dion Weatherley, a seismologist at the University of Queensland in Brisbane, Australia.The idea is that hot fluid flashes into vapor in the fault jogs during earthquakes, causing nearly instant precipitation of the fluids within them under rapid depressurization. This is called “flash vaporization.” Small earthquakes appear to be more efficient at gold vein formation than large ones. A slip of merely 130 micrometers in a 90-centimeter fault zone can result in a 50% pressure drop, allowing the rapid precipitation of gold and quartz.The caption in a photo of a gold vein accompanying the article says, “Veins of gold, such as this one trapped in quartz and granite, may deposit when the high-pressure water in which they were dissolved suddenly vaporises during an earthquake.”Lovett still promoted the idea that large veins of gold might take hundreds of thousands of years to form out of the “tiny” veins hypothesized in the study.That, Weatherley adds, might be one of the reasons that the rocks in gold-bearing quartz deposits are often marbled with a spider web of tiny gold veins. “You [can] have thousands to hundreds of thousands of small earthquakes per year in a single fault system,” he says. “Over the course of hundreds of thousands of years, you have the potential to precipitate very large quantities of gold. Small bits add up.”Nevertheless, it’s still a “flash in the pan” to use Lovett’s clever double metaphor. Given that so many small earthquakes can occur in a few years, it would seem hundreds of thousands of years are not necessary to find gold in them thar hills. The authors of the original paper said, “Multiple earthquakes progressively build economic-grade gold deposits.”See also the 10/15/2006 entry, “Gold Can Form in a Geological Instant.”It takes a lot of findings like this to overcome the programming many students receive in school that everything on earth takes millions of years. Darwin was enamored with the idea of slow and gradual processes accumulating large changes over time. That, however, is a worldview preference, not a fact of nature.
2 October 2013 South Africa and Senegal signed cooperation agreements in agriculture and arts and culture on Tuesday as President Jacob Zuma’s state visit to the west African country got under way. “The signing of these two agreements demonstrates that both people-to-people relations, as well as agro-industrial partnership for development, are important to our relationship,” Zuma said after his meeting in Dakar with Senegalese President Macky Sall. Zuma added that there was considerable scope for increased cooperation between South Africa and Senegal in trade and economic development, energy, and mining beneficiation, among other areas. Zuma is being accompanied on his trip by a delegation of businesspeople, who were set to take part in the South Africa-Senegal Business Forum on Wednesday. “We have also discussed the need to strengthen the African Union to ensure that it plays its role effectively to promote socio-economic development and peace and stability in the continent,” Zuma said in a statement following his meeting with President Sall. Sall is the chairperson of Nepad’s Heads of State and Government Orientation Committee, which dovetails with Zuma’s role as chairperson of the African Union’s Presidential Infrastructure Championing Initiative. South Africa and Senegal needed to contribute more to the building of stronger regional economic communities, which were the building blocks of the African Union, Zuma said. “Both of us are also only too aware of the importance of investing in infrastructure development on the continent so that we can better promote regional economic integration, intra-Africa trade and tourism.” Source: SAnews.gov.za
South Africa’s NDP is a detailed blueprint for how the country can eliminate poverty and reduce inequality by the year 2030. Download key documents here.• Overview• Document downloads• Quality basic education• Health care for all• Safety & freedom from fear• Economy & employment• A skilled workforce• Economic infrastructure• Vibrant rural communities• Sustainable human settlements• Accountable local government• Natural environment• South Africa in the world• Efficient public service• Inclusive social protection• Nation building, social cohesion Researched, edited and compiled by Mary AlexanderDownload key documents about the plan, the Medium Term Strategic Framework to implement priorities by 2019, and broader policy initiatives.The National Development Plan – overview• National Development Plan (NDP) – full text• NDP Executive Summary• Medium Term Strategic Framework (MTSF) 2014 to 2019 – full text• Infographic – Business Day: What South Africa will be like in 2030• Infographic – Business Day: Diagnostic analysis for the National Development PlanOUTCOME 1Quality basic education• NDP Chapter 9: Improving education, training and innovation• MTSF 2014-2019 Outcome 1: Quality basic education• Department of Basic Education Action Plan to 2019• Infographic – Business Day: Improving education, training and innovationOUTCOME 2A long and healthy life for all South Africans• NDP Chapter 11: Promoting health• MTSF 2014-2019 Outcome 2: A long and healthy life for all South Africans• Department of Health Strategic Plan 2014 to 2019• Infographic – Business Day: Promoting healthOUTCOME 3All people in South Africa are and feel safe• NDP Chapter 12: Building safer communities• NDP Chapter 14: Promoting accountability and fighting corruption• MTSF 2014-2019 Outcome 3: All people in South Africa are and feel safe• Business Against Crime: Criminal Justice System Review• Statistics South Africa: Victims of Crime Survey 2012• Infographic – Business Day: Building safer communities• Infographic – Business Day: Promoting accountability and fighting corruptionOUTCOME 4Decent employment through inclusive economic growth• NDP Chapter 3: Economy and employment• MTSF 2014-2019 Outcome 4: Decent employment through inclusive economic growth• Framework of the New Economic Growth Path• New Growth Path booklet• Industrial Policy Action Plan• Summary of the National Infrastructure Plan• Infographic – Business Day: Economy and employmentOUTCOME 5A skilled and capable workforce to support an inclusive growth path• NDP Chapter 9: Improving education, training and innovation• MTSF 2014-2019 Outcome 5: A skilled and capable workforce to support an inclusive growth path• New Growth Path: National Skills Accord• Infographic – Business Day: Improving education, training and innovationOUTCOME 6An efficient, competitive and responsive economic infrastructure network• NDP Chapter 4: Economy infrastructure – the foundation of social and economic development• MTSF 2014-2019 Outcome 6: An efficient, competitive and responsive economic infrastructure network• The National Infrastructure Plan • Framework of the New Economic Growth Path• New Growth Path booklet• Infographic – Business Day: Economic infrastructureOUTCOME 7Vibrant, equitable and sustainable rural communities contributing to food security for all• NDP Chapter 6: An integrated and inclusive rural economy• MTSF 2014-2019 Outcome 7: Comprehensive rural development and land reform• Infographic – Business Day: An integrated and inclusive rural economyOUTCOME 8Sustainable human settlements and improved quality of household life• NDP Chapter 8: Transforming human settlement and the national space economy• MTSF 2014-2019 Outcome 8: Sustainable human settlements and improved quality of household life• Infographic – Business Day: Transforming human settlement and the national space economyOUTCOME 9A responsive, accountable, effective and efficient developmental local government system• NDP Chapter 13: Building a capable and developmental state• MTSF 2014-2019 Outcome 9: Responsive, accountable, effective and efficient developmental local government system• Infographic – Business Day: Building a capable and developmental stateOUTCOME 10Protecting and enhancing our environmental assets and natural resources• NDP Chapter 5: Environmental sustainability – An equitable transition to a low-carbon economy• MTSF 2014-2019 Outcome 10: Protect and enhance our environmental assets and natural resources• New Growth Path: Green Economy Accord• Infographic – Business Day: Environmental sustainabilityOUTCOME 11Create a better South Africa, contribute to a better and safer Africa in a better world• NDP Chapter 7: South Africa in the region and the world• MTSF 2014-2019 Outcome 11: Create a better South Africa, contribute to a better and safer Africa in a better world• Infographic – Business Day: Positioning South Africa in the worldOUTCOME 12An efficient, effective and development-oriented public service• NDP Chapter 13: Building a capable and developmental state• MTSF 2014-2019 Outcome 12: An efficient, effective and development-oriented public service• Infographic – Business Day: Building a capable and developmental stateOUTCOME 13An inclusive and responsive social protection system• NDP Chapter 11: Social protection• MTSF 2014-2019 Outcome 13: An inclusive and responsive social protection system• Infographic – Business Day: Social protectionOUTCOME 14A diverse, socially cohesive society with a common national identity• NDP Chapter 15: Nation building and social cohesion• MTSF 2014-2019 Outcome 14: Nation building and social cohesion• Infographic – Business Day: Nation buildingUpdated December 2015Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? 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An example of a Blue Ocean strategy is Nintendo’s Wii. Rather than compete head-on with Sony’s Playstation and Microsoft’s X-Box, Nintendo redefined what it means to be a game machine, targeting a totally different demographic and at a much lower price point. The result has been an unqualified success. While the Wii is frequently sold out in stores, Playstation3s are being sold at a discount.And because there is no competition in Nintendo’s new Blue Ocean, profits are fat. Forbes estimates that Microsoft’s employees bring in $177,000 in profit each,compared to $288,000 at Google and $442,000 per employee at Nintendo after theintroduction of the Wii.But how about an example of a Red Ocean? You don’t need to look far to see thatECM is hugely red. There are countless vendors attacking the ECM space, andwhile few can boast products that cover the spectrum of functionality that isclassified as ECM, the roadmaps of most product companies in this space are being drivenby the competition — and this appraoch means that there is a never-endingbattle to rollout features and functions that the competition has. Red Ocean companies are always on the defense, sniffing out what their competitors are doing and trying to be a ‘me-too’, while those lucky enough to have found a Blue Ocean have the luxury of being able to look inward and define themselves.Red Oceans develop as a market matures and people fall into a rut in their thinking about what defines the market space. Some blame goes to analysts and organizations like AIIM, but it is only natural to classify companies, assign labels and compare. The bar is set. The expectations for what companies need to do to compete in a space is pre-defined. The result of this mindset is that innovation in ECM has been incremental rather than revolutionary. Products become increasingly commoditized at ever lower price points.Is there anyone breaking away from the ECM pack and finding a Blue Ocean? Relatively new ideas like Open Source and SaaS are being adopted, and these may ultimately be the components of a wildly successful Blue Ocean strategy, but that’s yet to be seen. Who will dream the Wii for ECM? W. Chan Kim and Renee Mauborgne‘s bestseller Blue Ocean Strategy divides businesses and products environments into two types: Red and Blue Oceans. Red Ocean environments are those competing in markets that are highly overcrowded, saturated and commoditized. On the other hand, Blue Oceans are market spaces that are created when companies are able to transcend boundaries of existing markets and carve out a new space where no competitors currently exist.