Zambezi Airlines lands in SA

Posted on December 19, 2019Categories foxhpqlgTags , , , , , , , , ,   Leave a comment on Zambezi Airlines lands in SA

first_imgThe Zambezi Airlines Boeing 737-500,in its distinctive giraffe skin livery.(Image: Zambezi Airlines)Janine ErasmusFind out more about using MediaClubSouthAfrica.com materialZambezi Airlines has made its maiden flight to South Africa. The Zambian private airline launched in July 2008 and took 11 months to establish its domestic operation before launching into international airspace.Zambia’s national carrier Zambian Airways, based in Lusaka, suspended all its operations in January 2009, citing high fuel costs as the main reason for its decision. Since then, travellers between Lusaka and Johannesburg have been able to use only South African carriers, which between them offer 58 flights a week to destinations in Zambia.Zambezi Airlines touched down in Johannesburg for the first time at the beginning of June. The move is expected to help open up growth and business opportunities in the Southern African region.Scheduled flights to Johannesburg commenced on 20 June with two Boeing 737-500 aircraft, each of which offer 99 economy class and 12 premier business class seats.The route links the regional cities of Lusaka, Livingstone, Ndola, Dar es Salaam in Tanzania, and Johannesburg.Ndola, in the centre of Zambia, is the country’s second largest city and the hub of the Copperbelt mining region. The historical Livingstone, in south Zambia, has its origins in the colonial occupation of Africa. The city, a tourism centre for the region, sits on the Zambezi River just 10km from the mighty Victoria Falls, known locally as Mosi-oa-Tunya (the smoke that thunders).All routes run both ways. Daily direct flights between Lusaka and Johannesburg are now available, with four flights between Johannesburg and Ndola, and at least three times a week between the other cities. Once the second aircraft is fully operational the airline plans to offer twice-daily flights to and from Lusaka.The airline currently leases its aircraft from GE Capital Aviation Services, a leading player in commercial aircraft financing and leasing. Craft are maintained in South Africa by Safair, and by the airline in Lusaka.Zambezi Airlines has embarked on a regional expansion programme and will continue to widen its reach over the next three years.New arrivalOn arrival at OR Tambo International Airport on 4 June, the airline’s CEO, Cornwell Muleya, said Zambezi Airlines has grown into a new regional carrier, one that is ready to help contribute to the economic development of the country and the Southern African Development Community (SADC).Muleya explained that market conditions were favourable for the growth of the airline into new territories. This situation also encouraged shareholders and the highly experienced management team to upgrade the fleet to the quieter and more fuel-efficient Boeing 737-500 series.“Zambezi Airlines intends to grow its fleet in line with market demand,” said Mulaya, adding that partnering with other regional carriers is an important strategy for growth. Zambezi Airlines management plans to list the company within 36 months.“We are proud and confident that this, our first expansion into Africa, will contribute significantly to the region’s as well as the continent’s future prosperity,” he said.Zambezi Airlines chair Morris Jangulo said the vision of Zambezi Airlines was to operate to world class standards within Zambia and the SADC region, maximising business growth and contributing to regional development and increased international tourism.The giraffe skin livery of Zambezi Airline’s two Boeings identifies the craft with wildlife and regional tourism.Growing demandSpeaking at the official launch of the airline, held in Kyalami, north of Johannesburg, a week before the Confederations Cup kickoff, South Africa’s Minster of Transport Sibusiso Ndebele welcomed the airline to South African skies.Ndebele was quick to point out that the introduction of a new regional carrier was good news for the 2010 Fifa World Cup.“The forthcoming World Cup is an African event,” he said, “and we, as government and the nation at large, have pledged that it will leave a proud legacy from which our children and our communities will benefit for many years to come. To this end, I am appreciative that we have a Zambian carrier who will certainly play a pivotal role in providing air travel capacity to these key events.”Ndebele expressed his confidence that Zambian and South African fans would sit shoulder to shoulder at the forthcoming football spectacular.He mentioned that South Africa has reached a number of compliance agreements with regard to the Yamoussoukro Decision for the liberalisation of air transport markets in Africa.This policy, adopted in 1999 by African civil aviation authorities, is intended to open up the continent by implementing, among others, multiple designations of eligible airlines and unlimited air traffic capacity and frequencies.“Such an increase in air traffic frequency capacity is only viable when operators show confidence in the market and continue to operate flights to entry points,” said Ndebele. “To this end, I must applaud the new entrant to our country, Zambezi Airlines.”The minister pointed out that the introduction of a new Zambian designated airline clearly shows that there is a growing demand for air travel between South Africa and Zambia.Do you have queries or comments about this article? Contact Janine Erasmus at [email protected] storiesOR Tambo spreads its wings Tourism in South Africa Green airline goes greenerLanseria International AirportSasol: 100% synthetic jet fuelUseful linksZambezi AirlinesSouth African AirwaysGE Capital Aviation ServicesSafairlast_img read more

An Achiever’s Reflection on the 7 Souvenirs of August

Posted on December 17, 2019Categories znvbmgteTags , , , , , , ,   Leave a comment on An Achiever’s Reflection on the 7 Souvenirs of August

first_imgSo close to clearing out the whole island. Back next year! SharePrint Related1st Day, 1st Achievers: Geocaching HQ Staff Give #7SofA a Go on Day 1August 8, 2014In “7 Souvenirs of August”Inside Geocaching HQ Podcast Transcript (Episode 2): Souvenirs, APE cache rediscoveryMay 10, 2018In “Community”7 Souvenirs of August AchievedSeptember 22, 2014In “7 Souvenirs of August” Ask questions. Find out what everyone’s favorite cache is, their best geocaching day or if they’re working on any challenges. Bri Suffety is one of the awesome Geocaching HQ lackeys who participated in this month’s 7 Souvenirs of August promotion. Here, she tells us how she became an Achiever.  You can’t see me, but my head is held high as I admit that I have a competitive streak.Not the every-man-for-himself kind; it’s more like I’m in a constant competition with myself. So from the announcement of the 7 Souvenirs of August (7SofA) promotion, I began loosely crafting a plan for which caches I should save for the month. The next thing I knew, Geocaching HQ was split into teams to compete in a 7SofA cache-a-thon.7SofA partners for life!The game had changed, and with it my strategy.I was going to be out of town during the first part of August and I couldn’t accept lagging behind. With a cup of coffee in hand I sat down to scour the map for caches in Michigan and Ohio. By the end of my “research” session I had all of the caches picked out with the exception of an event cache. There were a few options but none that were logistically possible. [Insert groans of frustration here.]In order to earn The Socializer souvenir, and with it The Achiever, I was left with two choices: waiting until my return to Seattle to attend an event, or creating my own in Ohio. I don’t know about you, but I always find my stomach a flutter when I arrive at an event where I don’t know anyone. So with much hesitation I found myself with the event cache form filled out and my mouse hovering over the submit button.I bit the bullet and sent it off.The event itself was small (unsurprisingly, since it was on an island) but I found myself chuckling not only at the conversations we had but at myself for being nervous.You might not know who’s going to show up at an event, but they aren’t strangers. You all share a love of geocaching and once you get through the initial exchanging of names, the conversations start flowing.There’s no such thing as strangers at a geocaching event!I knew the 7 Souvenirs of August was going to rock, but I didn’t know exactly where it would take me. The month is now winding down and I’ve attended six events including my own. Each one has been a different and stellar experience. There is something to be said about finding others who are as wildly excited about the game as you are. Not to mention, it’s nice to have a break from the blank stares your muggle friends give you when you geek out about a cache.Tips for hosting the (geocaching) event of the season: Think you’ve got a compelling 7 Souvenirs of August story? Tell us what it took (or will take) for you to become an Achiever!Share with your Friends:Morecenter_img Location location location! It can be as easy as meeting at a local park, a restaurant you love or a pub you’ve been wanting to try. Remember that entrance into and participation at the event needs to be free. Recruit a friend. Reach out to your geocaching friends or acquaintances and let them know about the event. You could even bring that muggle friend who is always following you around the woods while you search for tupperware. Pick a time. What does your availability look like? Make sure to pick a time when you are unlikely to run late or miss your own event. And don’t forget the golden rule: the event form needs to be submitted at least two weeks prior to the event date! Relax. It’s going to be great!last_img read more

Apple Gets A (Minor) Legal Spanking

Posted on December 15, 2019Categories bmjvhkslTags , , , , , , ,   Leave a comment on Apple Gets A (Minor) Legal Spanking

first_imgSince 2010 Apple has been suing everybody in sight for allegedly infringing on its intellectual property. Apple hasn’t just been suing its rivals but also portraying itself as a beacon of innovation and depicting its rivals as cloners and copycats — thieves, basically.So perhaps there is some satisfaction in seeing Apple get smacked for the very thing it keeps accusing others of doing.Yesterday a federal court in Dallas ruled that Apple must pay $368.2 million to a patent troll called VirnetX because its FaceTime videoconferencing software infringes on some patents owned by VirnetX.That’s pocket change to Apple, which posted $41.7 billion in net profit on $156.5 billion in revenues in the fiscal year that ended in September.But VirnetX wants more — it has filed a complaint with the International Trade Commission asking to have a bunch of Apple products (iPhone, iPad, Macs) banned from the market. Apple has no comment. But of course Apple will appeal, and of course the case will drag on.What Is The Point?And of course this is all lunacy. The real lesson to this and all of the other Apple-related cases is that the patent system is ridiculous and has become an obstacle to innovation, one whose ultimate victims are customers.In the tech world it’s considered depicable when trolls like VirnetX use patents to shake companies down for money.But is it any less despicable to cynically use the legal system to put a spoke in the wheel of your rivals? Or to use the legal system as a kind of marketing tool, a way to smear your opponents?Because that’s what Apple is doing with its cases against Samsung, HTC and Motorola. Apple doesn’t want to set up licensing agreements. Apple just wants to distract its opponents and slow them down. Marketing By LawsuitApple’s patent lawsuits are also a form of marketing, albeit an expensive one, whose goal is to generate lots of stories in the media and to hammer home, via repetition, the notion that everyone else in the smartphone market is simply copying Apple, producing me-too clones that are poor imitations of the iPhone and iPad.One court in England saw through the charade and resented the notion of being used as a propaganda tool by a large multinational corporation.Consequently the court ordered Apple to apologize publicly to Samsung for making false allegations and buy advertisements declaring that Samsung did not, in fact, copy Apple.Apple shamelessly and brazenly tried to turn that to its advantage, creating an “apology” that was really just another ad taunting Samsung. The annoyed judges ordered Apple to do the apology again, only this time to follow their instructions. The good news is that these lawsuits, all of them, are just speedbumps that will not stop the mobile revolution and probably won’t affect the balance of power in the smartphone market.Back in 2010, when Apple first launched its legal jihad against Android phone makers, Android had 23% market share and Apple had 15%. Today Apple still has the same 15% share — but Android now holds 75%.So much for the efficacy of lawsuits as competitive weapons. Someday, I hope, companies will figure out that these things don’t work. And someday the patent laws in this country will be updated for the 21st century. Fingers crossed.Image courtesy of Shutterstock. dan lyons Tags:#Apple#FaceTime#iPad#iPhone#legal#Mac#mobile#patent#patent troll#VirnetX A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic…center_img Related Posts Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Marketlast_img read more

2 days agoLiverpool boss Klopp insists Keita close to top form

Posted on October 28, 2019Categories rctitncdTags , , , , , , ,   Leave a comment on 2 days agoLiverpool boss Klopp insists Keita close to top form

first_imgAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Liverpool boss Klopp insists Keita close to top formby Paul Vegas2 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveLiverpool boss Jurgen Klopp insists it wont be long until Naby Keita hits his full stride.The Guinea international put in an impressive cameo in last Sunday’s draw with Manchester United and is expected to start against Genk on Wednesday.Asked when fans can expect to see the 24-year-old’s best form, the manager replied: “Soon.”I don’t know when he will start but Naby is one-and-a-half or two weeks in full training roundabout. And he looks good in training, really good.”They all look good in training, that’s why we made the changes that we made [at Old Trafford] because we really knew they can have an impact in that game. I was really happy.That was the best news of the whole day – not the result, not the goal we scored, which was nice – but that these three guys, very important players for us, in a moment when it’s not easy to have rhythm or get rhythm when you don’t play that much, can perform like this in a game.”In training I see it a lot, so that was the best news. It will not be long anymore.” last_img read more

Mark Norman lawyers protest strategy talks between Crown federal lawyers

Posted on October 17, 2019Categories azizhwbxTags , , , , , , ,   Leave a comment on Mark Norman lawyers protest strategy talks between Crown federal lawyers

first_imgOTTAWA — Vice-Admiral Mark Norman’s legal team is pointing to several discussions between the Crown and top government lawyers about “trial strategy” as proof of political interference in his case.Notes taken by the Crown about those talks with lawyers from the Privy Council Office, the department that supports the prime minister, were filed in court this morning as pre-trial hearings resumed on Norman’s breach-of-trust charge.Many of the notes were redacted on the basis they dealt with “trial strategy,” Crown prosecutor Barbara Mercier told Norman’s lawyers in an email also filed in court.Norman’s lawyer, Christine Mainville, told the court that the Crown should not be talking strategy with the Privy Council Office, which she described as the right hand to the Prime Minister’s Office.She says the discussions are more troubling than the allegations that the Prime Minister’s Office tried to intervene in the criminal case against SNC-Lavalin.Crown prosecutors did not immediately respond, but asked Justice Heather Perkins-McVey for time to study the documents.Norman was suspended as the military’s second-in-command in January 2017 and charged last March with one count of breach of trust for allegedly leaking government secrets to a Quebec shipyard.He has denied any wrongdoing and his politically charged trial is scheduled to start in August.The Canadian Presslast_img read more

Shootout win helps Bucks salvage split with Miami

Posted on September 28, 2019Categories znvbmgteTags , , , , , , ,   Leave a comment on Shootout win helps Bucks salvage split with Miami

Led by its defense, the Ohio State men’s hockey team bounced back to take two points from No. 2 Miami (Ohio) and secure home ice in the playoffs.After being mauled in Oxford, Ohio, Friday night, the Buckeyes bounced back from the 6-2 loss to get a shootout victory Saturday in Columbus.When a game goes to a shootout it is officially scored as a tie, but Buckeye goaltender Dustin Carlson said after the game that “I feel like it’s a win, not a tie.”Carlson was the star for the Buckeyes as he shut out Miami through regulation, overtime and the shootout.“He responded well from [Friday] night,” coach John Markell said of his goaltender. In one of the best games of his career, Carlson finished the game with 38 saves.“At the drop of the puck I just knew I was into it right away,” Carlson said. He also attributed a lot of the Buckeyes’ success to the play of the defense, which he attributed to better communication.Junior Peter Boyd, who scored the Buckeyes second shootout goal, also acknowledged the improved play of the defense.“We had guys blocking shots and making sacrifices,” Boyd said. “I think [Shane] Sims had eight blocks tonight.”While the game was low on scoring, it certainly didn’t lack intensity.“Playing back-to-back nights against your rival, that’s pretty intense,” Miami coach Enrico Blasi said.Four players were penalized for roughing after the whistle, including OSU’s John Albert and Miami’s Curtis McKenzie at the end of overtime.The penalty against Albert looked to be costly as he is one of the usual shooters for the Buckeyes in a shootout situation, but was unable to participate due to penalty. The Buckeyes were, however, unaffected as both Sergio Somma and Peter Boyd lit the lamp for the Buckeyes, which was more than enough for Carlson.Carlson saved both attempts he faced, securing a 2-0 shootout win for the Buckeyes. Carlson has now saved the past 11 attempts he has faced in shootouts as his confidence continues to grow.“Right now is probably the best I’ve felt all season, playing in five games in a row now,” Carlson said.The shootout victory earned the Buckeyes two key points in their final game of the season and ensured home ice for the first round of the conference tournament. The Buckeyes finish the regular season in eighth place in the Central Collegiate Hockey Association and will host ninth place Notre Dame next weekend.Next weekend’s series will come with a change of scenery for the Buckeyes. The games will be played at the OSU Ice Rink, instead of the Schottenstein Center where the team played its regular season games. But for the Buckeyes it is a welcomed change.“I’m excited about it,” Carlson said. “We practice over there every day, so we know the ice very well. I also like the small barn, it’s not going to take too many of our fans to pack it. Last year when we played Bowling Green the atmosphere was great and hopefully we feed off of that.” read more

Scrappy Northwestern plays Ohio State tough again

Posted on September 28, 2019Categories gkdecinrTags , , , , , , ,   Leave a comment on Scrappy Northwestern plays Ohio State tough again

INDIANAPOLIS — There’s something about Northwestern, something that inevitably leads to a hotly contested showdown. Whenever they’re scheduled to play the Buckeyes, they’re bound to clash. On Jan. 29, the Buckeyes just barely hung on to a one-point lead and were able to secure the victory, 58-57. Two years ago in Evanston, Ill., then freshman Wildcat John Shurna drilled a last second 3-point attempt to give Northwestern the victory, 72-69. Consider today’s contest the rubber match. It took extra basketball and a monstrous effort by two members of the dynamic freshman trio, but the Buckeyes were able to pull-off the victory, 67-61. While the seniors, along with junior guard William Buford, struggled in the quarterfinals of the Big Ten tournament, freshmen Aaron Craft and Jared Sullinger had huge days. “To come in here for their first Big Ten tournament and play at the level they played at, I looked out there at times and we had three freshmen on the floor,” coach Thad Matta said. “Thirty-two games into it, they’re pretty accustomed to just about anything.” Sullinger had a gigantic performance on the glass, pulling in 18 boards to go along with his 20-point performance. His 18 rebounds were one shy of tying the Big Ten tournament record at 19. “Towards the end of the game they kind of went small, especially in overtime,” Sullinger said. “So we decided to, because they had Shurna guarding me, and obviously Shurna has 60 pounds less than me, we started going to me from there and free throws are just mentality.” Sullinger didn’t have a great day from the field, but the charity stripe was more than generous. Sully hit 16-of-18 from the line, including a perfect 10-for-10 in overtime. “After practice we always shoot 25 and then after we break the huddle I shoot 25 more. I’ve been shooting free throws for the last two weeks after practice,” Sullinger said. Not to be outdone by his star teammate, Craft also hit the glass hard, pulling in seven boards. It’s a good thing too, because the Buckeyes shot just 32 percent from the field, including 3-for-15 from beyond the arc for a 20-percent shooting percentage from deep. When asked how he’s able to come up big in big games despite his inexperience at the college level, Craft deflected all attention onto his teammates and coaches. “I’ve definitely benefited from the coaching staff we have, and the seniors we have,” Craft said. “They’ve always been there, no matter if we’re up or we’re down, in practice or in games. The Wildcats like to slow down the tempo and force opponents to play their preferred style and pace, something they’ve used effectively in both games this season. “It’s definitely something we knew they were going to do coming in. It was very successful the first time we played them, and it was pretty successful today,” Craft said. Former Buckeye Clark Kellogg predicted strong play from the young Buckeyes early in the week. “Craft, Sullinger and Thomas, all of them are special in their own way and they’ve done a marvelous job, all three of them,” Kellogg told The Lantern on Wednesday. “That’s who you’ve gone with all year, you can’t change that now. There is some pretty good, solid senior leadership to balance out whatever being a freshman might mean in the tournament. But those kids are unique; they’re competitive and talented.” read more

Aaron Craft filling scoring void for Buckeyes

Posted on September 28, 2019Categories avkplbhjTags , , , , , , , ,   Leave a comment on Aaron Craft filling scoring void for Buckeyes

Aaron Craft knows the Ohio State basketball team needs another scorer. Outside of junior forward Deshaun Thomas, the Buckeyes don’t have another proven option to put the ball in the hole on a consistent basis. Against Albany Sunday, Craft tried – and succeeded – in fulfilling that void. He hit a career-high five 3-pointers on his way to 20 points and seven assists in OSU’s 82-60 victory. To be fair, fellow junior guard Lenzelle Smith, Jr. also chipped in 18 points and sophomore forward LaQuinton Ross scored 10 in addition to Thomas’ 19, but Craft was the most consistent option. It’s something Matta hinted was coming in the preseason and Craft said he’s been working on all summer. “He spent a lot of time in the gymnasium,” Matta said. “Aaron is such a smart kid. He knows what this team needs and having another guy that can put the ball in the basket is obviously something this team needs.” Before the game, Craft warmed up differently than he has in previous years. Instead of taking set shots, the vast majority of his pregame reps simulated a situation where he’d come off a screen, catch the ball in stride and fire up a quick jumper. The junior guard was comfortable taking shots from standstill positions last year, but the ability to catch and shoot coming off screens is something Craft said adds another dimension to his game. “That was the biggest thing we tried to work on, just shooting behind screens and things like that,” Craft said. “Teammates got to trust me to shoot the ball as well. So throughout the summer, throughout the fall, just trying to get their confidence in me as well.” Albany coach Will Brown said that if Craft can score like he did Sunday, it makes the Buckeyes a different animal offensively. “Like I said to my staff coming into the game, if Craft hits five or six threes then it wasn’t meant to be, and sure enough he hit five threes. You know he’s going to play in the NBA for 10 years,” Brown said. “If Craft is scoring on that level he did tonight – I know it will be a lot tougher in the Big Ten – but he just keeps getting better every year. He’s already the best defensive guard in the country.” The Buckeyes are looking for more than just another scoring option though. With the departure of former Buckeye big man Jared Sullinger to the NBA, Matta is searching for a dominant presence inside. Senior forward Evan Ravenel and sophomore forward Amir Williams received the most playing time Sunday, but did not have much production. In a combined 31 minutes of playing time, the pair collaborated for zero points and six rebounds. “We were on them at halftime for rebounding. Amir and Evan played 20 minutes in the first half and had a combined three rebounds,” said Matta, who added he would like to see them get more involved offensively. Brown said the center position is key to the Buckeyes’ future. “I think if they get any consistency from the five spot, the center spot, they can go very, very far this year,” he said. It might not be safe to take too much away from the Buckeyes’ performance Sunday, though. Albany plays in the America East Conference and, as Brown openly admitted, is nowhere near the Buckeyes in terms of talent and athleticism. “(OSU’s) got McDonald’s All-Americans coming off the bench,” he said. “My guys go to McDonald’s to eat.” OSU is scheduled to play Rhode Island on Saturday in Uncasville, Conn., at 5 p.m. read more

Charge against Bradley Roby downgraded to disorderly conduct

Posted on September 28, 2019Categories jxglxhsnTags , , , , , , , , ,   Leave a comment on Charge against Bradley Roby downgraded to disorderly conduct

Lantern File PhotoOSU redshirt junior cornerback Bradley Roby pumps up the crowd before a game against Miami (OH) on Sept. 1 at Ohio Stadium. OSU won, 56-10.The charge against Ohio State redshirt junior cornerback Bradley Roby has been downgraded to disorderly conduct from battery, according to the Monroe County Prosecutor’s Office.Roby was involved in an altercation at a bar in Bloomington, Ind. on July 21 where he was initially charged with misdemeanor battery. The date of the pretrial hearing remains Aug. 26, according to the Prosecutor’s Office.OSU coach Urban Meyer has not suspended Roby for the incident, but he has been practicing with the team during fall camp in preparation for the season.The maximum punishment for a disorderly conduct charge is 180 days in jail and a $1,000 fine in Indiana.It remains to be seen if Roby will take part in the teams Aug. 31 season opener at home against Buffalo.OSU and Roby did not respond to The Lantern’s request for comment. read more

Football AJ Alexander suffered knee injury will miss 2017 season

Posted on September 28, 2019Categories cohtoypcTags , , , , , , ,   Leave a comment on Football AJ Alexander suffered knee injury will miss 2017 season

Johnnie Dixon (1) is lifted into the air by A.J. Alexander (88) after Dixon’s touchdown during the second half of the Buckeyes game against Rutgers on Oct. 1. The Buckeyes won 58-0. Credit: Mason Swires | Former Assistant Photo EditorOhio State will be without redshirt sophomore tight end A.J. Alexander in the fall after the backup injured his knee, which required surgery and will cause him to miss the 2017 season, a team spokesman confirmed to The Lantern on Friday.The news was first reported by Tim May of the Columbus Dispatch.The tight end was injured after spring practice had concluded and has already undergone surgery, according to the spokesman.Alexander played in all 13 games for Ohio State last season, catching four passes for 27 yards.During spring practice, Alexander saw an increased role in the offense while redshirt senior tight end Marcus Baugh rehabilitated after undergoing shoulder surgery.Ohio State’s three redshirt sophomore tight ends – Luke Farrell, Jake Hausmann and Kierre Hawkins – will likely take larger roles in the offense given the void Alexander leaves. read more